Block 2 CEUs: 0.125 (Professional Studies)

Caroline Allen: “Spark Found Where”
Cyndi Fisher: “Language Aquisition: When is it Enough?”
Gretchen Roman: “Upper Extremity Biomechanics in Native and Non-Native Signers”

The Spark Inspiration Talks are short-form talks, each lasting 20 minutes.  They are a way for a presenter to quickly share research, a viewpoint, or a frame of thinking.

We encourage the audience to seek out the presenters after the presentation to continue the conversation.  There is no Q&A time allocated for these talks.


Caroline Allen headshotPresenter: Caroline Allen
Topic: Spark Found Where

I’d like to share with you… where my Spark was recently found. While searching for documents required to obtain Idaho licensure in 2018, I found my dad’s “Life Story” – he created it just before graduation from WSD, Washington School for the Deaf, in 1954. As I read his story I experienced a visual display of his Deaf world as an 8 yr old boy who loved marbles. Then his subsequent experiences of being left out when information was shared in the Hearing world. His is an incredible journey with a grand finale of life after WSD back in Spokane, WA. His goal – “to be a good citizen” – was my Spark. It is an honor to share his story & my Spark in his language amongst my professional peers.


Cyndi Fisher headshotPresenter: Cyndi Fisher
Topic: Language Aquisition: When is it Enough?

The information presented will address two topics, ‘The Gap’ and Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS) and Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP). The information will discuss research that focuses on “The Gap’ from several sources and Jim Cummins work on BICS and CALP. Information will outline questions involving how interpreters and interpreter student’s language ability are measured, how language is taught, are both first and second language learned using the same process, and similar inquisitive thoughts.


Gretchen Roman headshotPresenter: Gretchen Roman
Topic: Upper Extremity Biomechanics in Native and Non-Native Signers

This study’s goal was to identify indicators of injury-risk by measuring the upper extremity biomechanics of native and non-native signers. Since natives report less pain from signing compared to non-natives, the biomechanics of non-native signers were hypothesized to be less favorable. Surface electromyography and motion capture were used to respectively quantify rest, tension, ballistic signing, non-neutral joint angle, and work envelope. Less rest (p=0.002) and more tension (p=0.008) measured in non-natives were found to be less favorable, and greater jerk (p=0.03), wrist ROM (p=0.04) and work envelope (all p ≤0.027) in natives were found to be more favorable.

July 9 – 14:30 pm
2:30 pm — 3:45 pm

Caroline Allen, Cyndi Fisher, Gretchen Roman