The Provisional Deaf Interpreter Credential (PDIC) is a temporary credential that will be awarded to eligible individuals who satisfy all previous requirements to take the CDI performance test, AND who submit the required application form and approved attestations of language and interpreting competence. The PDIC is designed to temporarily credential those who have met all the criteria associated with taking the CDI performance exam, but who are unable to take the performance exam because it is on moratorium.
All PDIC credentials will automatically expire and become invalid 12 months after CASLI releases the new Deaf Interpreter Performance exam or immediately upon a PDIC holder’s achievement of the CDI certification, whichever comes first. No extensions will be granted. For example, if the new Deaf Interpreter Performance exam becomes available on December 1, 2018, the PDIC would be good until December 1, 2019. This assumes that the PDIC holder remains current in their membership, CEUs, and has no EPS violations. This 12-month period allows the PDIC holder time to take and pass the new Deaf Interpreter Performance exam and achieve the CDI certification. At the end of that 12-month period, the PDIC will expire and reference to any such designation will be eliminated from the RID database.
No. RID grants certification based on the satisfaction of a number of factors, including achieving a passing score on a performance exam. Once granted certification, individuals are automatically moved into the Certified Membership category and awarded all the privileges of certified membership. There is currently no performance exam available for Deaf interpreters, therefore, the PDIC is a temporary credential and is not a certification. Holders of the PDIC will have a special status within RID designated only for this temporary credential.
The PDIC is being offered in recognition of the fact that there is currently no performance examination available for Deaf interpreters. This may limit the employability of Deaf interpreters as generalist practitioners. RID supports the importance of the work of Deaf interpreters. The PDIC provides an interim level of recognition that a Deaf interpreter has satisfied a sufficient set of criteria to be awarded a temporary credential until such time as performance testing for Deaf interpreters resumes.
No. The moratorium on the NIC performance exam was lifted in 2016 and the NIC performance exam is currently available. As a result, hearing interpreters have an option for obtaining certification. Currently, Deaf interpreters do not, so the interim credential is being made available until such time as the new CDI performance exam is available.
In March 2016 the RID Board of Directors voted to establish an interim credential for Deaf interpreters to serve as a bridge until a new performance exam for Deaf interpreters could be established. Shortly thereafter, a workgroup was formed to explore what such a process might look like. That workgroup developed a proposal and presented it to the RID Board of Directors. The board sought broader input from Deaf members of RID and hosted two webinars with Deaf Caucus members to gain feedback and perspective. Soon after, a new board was elected. It took several months to bring the board up to speed on the PDIC, the history, and possible approaches for implementation. The PDIC workgroup presented suggestions to the board. The board was not able to accept all of the recommendations of the workgroup, as some of them were in conflict with already established scopes of work for CASLI and the Certification Committee. Based on the recommendations of the workgroup, along with feedback and input from the broader Deaf membership of RID, the RID Board directed HQ staff to develop the final implementation process for the PDIC.
Although CASLI staff and board members are aware of the PDIC and some of the initial discussions surrounding the temporary credential, it is outside CASLI’s scope of responsibility to be involved in developing an operational plan for this temporary credential. Because the PDIC does not involve any performance testing which would be administered through CASLI, there was nothing for them to develop as part of this administrative process. In its final form, it is an administrative process managed by RID’s Certification program.
Applications and instructions are available at the link here. The process is as follows:
Submit PDIC application and associated documents to the Certification Department. There are eight  attestations total that must be submitted:
Two  affirming your ability to adequately provide sight/text translation
Two  affirming your ability to adequately provide simultaneous interpretation
Two  affirming your ability to adequately provide consecutive interpretation
Two  affirming your ability to adequately provide mirror/platform Interpreting
Upon receipt of all application materials, review and approval will occur within 15 business days and candidates will be notified via email. NOTE: Incomplete or partial applications will not be accepted. All required application materials must be submitted simultaneously.
Applications will stop being accepted 60 days prior to CASLI’s launch of the new Deaf Interpreter Performance exam.
It is anticipated that it will take approximately fifteen (15) business days to review, verify and process the application and the associated materials. The applicant will be notified via email once the processing is complete.
The PDIC will only be awarded one time to eligible Deaf interpreters. That means that if an individual loses the PDIC credential for failure to comply with one or more of the three standards listed below, it cannot be reissued. For example, if a PDIC holder fails to pay their dues on time, the PDIC is forfeited and cannot later be reinstated. The standards include:
The PDIC practitioner renews their membership on time (by June 30 of each year) annually;
The PDIC practitioner complies with the Code of Professional Conduct in all assignments;
The PDIC practitioner provides evidence of a minimum of 20 contact hours of continuing education/CEUS annually
An attester is someone considered to be an expert in ASL linguistics and/or interpreting as a result of a combination of their academic credentials and professional experience, certification(s), bilingual competence in ASL and English, who can attest through independent observation and knowledge a PDIC candidate’s ability to perform specific interpreting tasks with adequate competence. Attesters are approved by RID’s Certification Department upon submission, review, and approval of an application and resume. An attester must receive approval before submitting any attestations and affix their assigned attester ID number to their attestations.
In some instances, Deaf consumers can serve as attesters related to interpreting services they received directly from a Deaf interpreter. The Deaf consumer, in addition to signing the attestation form, will need to also complete the form letter found here and provide the letter to the PDIC candidate to submit with their PDIC application.
Much like formal letters of recommendation, a Deaf interpreter applying for the PDIC must submit evidence of ASL fluency and entry-level interpreting competence. The evidence or ‘attestations’ are provided by qualified experts (attesters) who have directly observed the language use and/or interpreting skills of the applicant. These attestations verify that an attester knows first-hand that the applicant possesses a specific skill set required. The attestations must be documented on the form provided.
No. An attestation does not involve using a scale to rate the quality of performance. Instead, it is a process that relies on the expertise of the attester to make an independent observation and determination that the requisite competence being verified meets an adequate level of interpreting skill. It is for this reason, the mature judgement of the attester must be evidenced by academic credentials, certifications and work experience. As well, what an attester can verify is limited to their scope of expertise.
Consistent with the recommendations of the workgroup to have language skills and interpreting competence verified, a PDIC candidate is required to submit affirmative attestation from qualified experts in four areas:
● Sight/Text Translation– Sight translation involves the reading of a written English document – inclusive of documents such as an intake form, a medical history form, an instruction form, a lease, etc. – and translating it in a manner that provides the Deaf consumer easily understood access to the content. Best practice in interpreting involves interpreters always offering to translate written English documents that are a part of any interpreting assignment in recognition of the preference of some Deaf consumers to receive all information in their native language. In a sight/text translation, the Deaf interpreter directly reads the English text and renders the translation without the involvement of a hearing interpreter.
For the PDIC, the candidate must submit two (2) attestations of adequate competence in sight translation from a qualified expert. The 2 attestations cannot be from the same assignment – rather, each must be from a different assignment. The attestation must provide affirmation/confirmation of an adequate translation of a document that contains at least four (4) paragraphs of English text or 12-15 individual questions requiring a response from the Deaf consumer.
Adequate competence is defined as a translation that accurately conveys the meaning and the substantive details of the communication. Although the translation may have some errors, they should not be errors that impact the substantial details or change the overarching meaning and intent of the document.
● Simultaneous Interpreting– Simultaneous interpretation occurs when the interpretation is being rendered at the same time as the parties involved are communicating, with only a minimal lag of time between when the source message is rendered and the interpretation is generated. For a Deaf interpreter, the spoken message is received from a hearing interpreter in sign language and then interpreted by the Deaf interpreter so the message is easily understood by the Deaf consumer, and/or the signed message of a Deaf consumer is interpreted by the Deaf interpreter to a hearing interpreter who renders it into spoken English.
Simultaneous interpreting is used in a wide range of communication settings/events—such as during a lecture, presentation, or other forms of narratives. For the PDIC, the candidate must submit two (2) attestations of adequate competence in simultaneous interpretation from a qualified expert. The 2 attestations cannot be from the same assignment—rather, each must be from a different assignment. Further, one must be for a simultaneous interpretation of an ASL narrative that is at least 10 minutes in length, and one must be for a simultaneous interpretation of an English text that is at least 10 minutes in length. The narratives can be from a range of settings, including, but not limited to a classroom lecture, conference or workshop presentation, work-related explanation, or social service setting.
Adequate competence is defined as an interpretation that accurately conveys the meaning and the substantive details of the narrative. Although the interpretation may have some errors and/or omissions, they should not be errors that impact the substantial details or change the overarching meaning and intent of the narrative.
● Consecutive Interpreting– Consecutive interpretation occurs when the interpretation is being rendered in intervals as the parties involved are communicating—typically, when the communication follows an interview, interactive or Q and A format. One of the participants communicates a whole and complete idea, pauses, and then the interpretation is rendered before further information is conveyed. This process is repeated until the interview, interaction or Q and A process is completed. For a Deaf interpreter, the spoken message is received from a hearing interpreter in sign language and then interpreted by the Deaf interpreter so the message is easily understood by the Deaf consumer, and/or the signed message of a Deaf consumer is interpreted by the Deaf interpreter into ASL to a hearing interpreter who renders it into spoken English.
Consecutive interpreting is used in a wide range of communication settings/events—such as during an interview or anytime a line of questioning is being utilized. For the PDIC, the candidate must submit two (2) attestations of adequate competence in consecutive interpretation from a qualified expert. The 2 attestations cannot be from the same assignment—rather, each must be from a different assignment. Each must involve an interaction where both ASL and English are used as part of the communication process and the interactions must be at least 10 minutes in length. The interactions can be from a range of settings, such as a job interview, a medical, mental health or social service intake, a discussion between a doctor and a patient, and other similar types of interactive settings.
Adequate competence is defined as an interpretation that accurately conveys the meaning and the substantive details of the interaction. Questions and answers are accurately conveyed. Although the interpretation may have some errors, they should not be errors that impact the substantial details or change the overarching meaning and intent of the interaction.
● Mirror/Platform Interpreting– Mirror interpreting occurs when sight-line or vision impacts the ability of a consumer to receive a signed message directly, so a Deaf interpreter replicates what is being signed by someone, mirroring what is being said. This is often seen in group settings when someone in an audience stands to sign a question or comment that the rest of the audience cannot access because they are faced towards a stage. Or, it may occur in a group setting where you have someone signing or interpreting into sign language, but Deaf individuals with low or no vision cannot access the information. In these situations, a Deaf interpreter would replicate what is being signed by mirroring the information for the low or no vision Deaf consumer so the message is easily understood.
Adequate competence is defined as a mirrored interpretation that accurately conveys the meaning and the substantive details of the signed message that is being mirrored. Although the interpretation may have some errors, they should not be errors that impact the substantial details or change the overarching meaning and intent of the signed message.
No more than two attestations can come from a single interpreting assignment, and each must come from a different category of interpreting (sight/text translation, simultaneous interpreting, consecutive interpreting, or mirror/platform interpreting). For example, at a single interpreting assignment, the Deaf interpreter may provide a sight/text translation in addition to simultaneous interpretation. The attester could provide an attestation for both areas of interpreting from that single assignment.
Recognizing the work group’s recommendation that the attesters have some professional or linguistic qualifications supporting their ability to verify competence, attester qualifications fall into one or more of the following categories:
● Category 1: A CDI certified interpreter who has at least 7 years of experience as a practitioner post-certification, and who has at least five (5) years of documented experience serving as an ASL and/or interpreting mentor in an ASL, interpreting or community-based mentoring program can serve as an attester for any of the skill sets up to 4 attestations per PDIC applicant;
● Category 2: An RID SC:L certified interpreter who has at least 7 years of experience as a practitioner post-certification and at least five (5) years of experience working as a team with Deaf interpreters can serve as an attester for any of the skill sets up to 4 attestations per PDIC applicant;
● Category 3: An RID certified interpreter, who has at least 7 years of experience as a practitioner post-certification, and who has at least five (5) years of experience teaching interpreting coursework at an accredited college or university and has prior experience working with Deaf interpreters can serve as an attester for any of the skill sets up to 3 attestations per PDIC applicant;
● Category 4: A Deaf individual certified as an ASL teacher by the American Sign Language Teachers Association (ASLTA), with at least 7 years of university or college-based teaching experience, post-ASLTA certification can serve as an attester for the sight translations and mirror interpreting skill sets up to 3 attestations per PDIC applicant;
● Category 5: A Deaf individual with an advanced degree in ASL, linguistics, Deaf Studies, or interpreting, who has demonstrated fluency in American Sign Language, with at least 7 years of teaching experience at a university or college, and has received services rendered by Deaf interpreters can serve as an attester for the sight translations and mirror interpreting skill sets up to 3 attestations per PDIC applicant;
● Category 6: A Deaf consumer who directly received services from an eligible applicant for the PDIC can serve as an attester for the sight translations and mirror interpreting skill sets up to 2 attestations per PDIC applicant.
No. Attesters are individuals who already possess expertise in ASL and/or interpreting and already possess the capacity to observe and make professional, objective judgements about an applicant’s competence in one or more skill sets.
No. Individuals applying to become attesters do so without charge. RID views approved attesters as volunteers who support the work of Deaf interpreters in the community and want to maintain the availability of qualified Deaf interpreters during the period of the CDI performance exam moratorium.
If the attester incurs costs and expenses as part of their attestation process, it is the responsibility of the attester and the PDIC candidate to come to a mutual agreement about how those costs should be covered. Any amount paid by the PDIC candidate to the attester should be minimal and tied to actual costs incurred, versus fee for service. A fee for service changes the dynamic of the role of the attester and could create a conflict of interest in the attestation process. Any discussion of fees should be agreed upon by both parties before any observations occur.
Naturally, each individual must assess whether the work of an attester is worth pursuing based on their individual situation and interests. RID views approved attesters as volunteer experts and allies within the Deaf Community who support the work of Deaf interpreters in the community and want to maintain the availability of qualified Deaf interpreters during the period of moratorium on the CDI performance exam. Attesters do not rate or provide feedback – rather they observe, verify, and attest to competence based on their recognized expertise.
Attester applicants submit a completed application along with a copy of her or his current resume for review and approval by the RID Certification Department. The application form includes a Conflict of Interest policy that must be signed. The application is available at this link.
RID will maintain a list of individuals who have been approved as attesters and are interested in being available to applicants for the PDIC. This list will be made available on the RID website and updated regularly. It is recognized that some individuals may only want to serve as an attester for individuals in their local community and they can indicate that on their application. These individuals will not be listed on the master list but will be identified on an internal list.
As well, applicants can encourage qualified experts in their home community to apply to become an attester. In doing so, conflicts of interest need to be avoided. For example, an applicant could not ask their employer to serve as an attester, particularly if the employer receives money for the work done by the applicant.
NOTE: RID is not responsible for finding attesters or providing an applicant with an attester. RID is responsible only to approve individuals who apply to be an attester based on the established criteria. If a candidate cannot secure a sufficient number of attesters to satisfy the application requirements, they will not be eligible for the PDIC.
The PDIC is a temporary credential that provides community sourced documentation of meeting a level of preparation for entry into work as an interpreter. It is a process that involves the expert opinion of qualified attesters which may provide a level of assurance to employers that exceeds that which is available for a general Deaf interpreter. It is not certification and should not be confused with the RID CDI certificate, but rather, it is a temporary credential until such time as certification for Deaf interpreters is once again available. The PDIC may be useful in seeking employment as a Deaf interpreter during the period of time when there is not a performance exam for Deaf interpreters that can be used to achieve RID certification.
The process is not intended to be complicated, but rather sufficiently thorough to warrant a temporary credential until the formal, standardized performance testing process associated with RID Certification resumes. Naturally, each individual must assess whether the process is worth pursuing based on their situation and goals.
CASLI is currently in the process of developing new written and performance exams for both Deaf and hearing interpreters. According to reports provided to the RID membership from CASLI, it is anticipated that the new tests will be available at the end of 2019 or beginning of 2020. Please check the CASLI website for further information – www.casli.org
Obtaining the PDIC does not impact your eligibility for the CDI certification. RID will recognize the current CDI Knowledge exam and the new Deaf Interpreter Performance exam as part of the CDI certification requirements. Currently, CASLI is in the process of developing a transition plan from the older exams to the new iterations of the certification exams. Please visit www.casli.org for more information.
No – since the PDIC is a provisional credential and not a certification, you would not have the same voting privileges as a Certified member. PDIC holders will have the same voting privileges as Associate members.
Yes, with the exception of individuals who fall into Category 6 of attesters – Deaf consumers who directly received services from an eligible applicant for the PDIC. The Deaf consumer, in addition to signing the attestation form, will also need to complete the form letter found here and provide the letter to the PDIC candidate to submit with their PDIC application.